Plastic surgery is a comprehensive term which refers to various kinds of operations conducted as a measure to restore body parts to normalcy. These surgeries require rigorous medical training and can be performed by certified plastic surgeons. These surgeons are well-trained and capable of performing highly specialized plastic surgeries.
The plastic surgery comprises of careful preparation of the patient’s skin, muscles, and tissues by precise incisions and suturing methods. Utmost care is taken to avoid any sort of infection. Modern plastic surgery is highly sophisticated and involves complicated techniques, instruments, and procedures. The advanced techniques extend a cutting edge to the field of plastic surgery.
Plastic surgery is generally undertaken to remove birth defects. The skin problems like moles, acne scars, warts, and birthmarks are also removed using this procedure. Cosmetic surgery is also a segment of plastic surgery. It is used to enhance the look of the person by surgically moulding and sculpting the desired body parts.
Plastic surgery may involve several techniques to alter and reshape body tissues. It is very important to have a detailed discussion with your plastic surgeon before commencing with the surgery. The surgeon will brief you about the various stages of the plastic surgery procedure. The surgeon may also suggest a psychological assessment if necessary. It is very important for the person to be emotionally, mentally, and physically prepared for the procedure.
Earlier, the technique of skin grafting was mostly used in plastic surgery. With the rapid development in the field of medical science, plastic surgery has also undergone major transformation in terms of technique, procedures, and surgical equipment. Now, tissue expansion and flap surgery are used as modern techniques of plastic surgery.
Under this procedure healthy skin is removed to patch the damaged skin. These are usually used in case of large wounds, burns, in some types of cancer, and bone fractures. There are two types of skin grafts. The full thickness skin grafts and partial thickness skin graft. Under the full thickness skin graft, the skin is removed from behind the neck, ear, and upper arm. Both the epidermis and dermis layers of the skin are removed and closed by sutures. In partial skin graft the skin is taken from thigh, hip, and underarm. The epidermis and a small area of dermis are cut. The area is not stitched but left to heal by itself.
Under this procedure the body is encouraged to grow additional skin. This skin is then used to reconstruct the affected the area. This procedure is commonly used in breast augmentation surgery. A balloon shaped expander is inserted which is gradually filled with saline water. This surgery takes place under general anesthesia.
Flap surgery is done to transfer a tissue along with the blood vessels from one part of the body to another. The skin remains attached to the body as a flap. This flap is repositioned and sutured over the inflicted area. Flap surgery is common for open fractures, cleft lip and palates, breast reconstruction, and large wounds.
Any one of the techniques can be adopted for performing a successful plastic surgery. The Plastic surgeons all over the world including Plastic Surgery Thailand are well-trained and qualified to perform plastic surgeries.